National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5) data shows that the number of women adopting family planning methods has increased over the years. According to this data, 62.4 percent of women aged 15 to 49 years Family planning While experts have welcomed the increasing number of women in family planning, they also expressed concern that women in rural areas are in the name of family planning. abortion are doing.
According to the World Health Organization, approximately 73 million induced abortions occur each year worldwide, accounting for 61 percent of all unintended pregnancies and all pregnancies in general. 29 percent of abortions are involved. The WHO also maintains a database of abortion laws, policies, and levels of abortion support for each country in the health care system.
Country wise abortion rate
According to UN figures, the abortion rate in Russia is 53.7 per 1,000 women. In this, Vietnam is in second place where abortion rate is 35.2, followed by Kazakhstan where abortion rate is 35. On the other hand, if we talk about those countries which have low abortion rate, then Mexico comes first, which has an abortion rate of 0.1, followed by Portugal which has a rate of 0.2. Abortion is legal in all these countries.
10 countries with the lowest abortion rates:
Mexico (0.1 per 1,000 women ages 15-44)
Portugal (0.2 per 1,000 women, ages 15-44)
Qatar (1.2 per 1,000 women, ages 15-44)
Austria (1.3 per 1,000 women, ages 15-44)
India (3.1 per 1,000 women, ages 15-44)
South Africa (4.5 per 1,000 women, ages 15-44)
Greece (5 per 1,000 women, ages 15-44)
Croatia (5.7 per 1,000 women, ages 15-44)
Switzerland (7.3 per 1,000 women, ages 15-44)
Belgium (7.5 per 1,000 women, ages 15-44)
abortion rate in india
According to a study, the abortion rate in India is 47 per 1,000 women in the age group of 15-49 years, which means 16 million abortions. Furthermore, the estimate of 34 lakh facility-based abortions in 2015 is almost five times the number reported to government sources in 2014-15.
Abortion is more common in rural areas
Dr Gandhali Devrukhkar, consultant obstetrics and gynecology at Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai, said abortion as a proxy contraceptive is not as common in urban areas as it is in rural areas. “I think women in urban areas are aware of contraceptive options, but the real problem arises in rural areas,” she said, adding that “the biggest problem in such remote areas is lack of knowledge about birth control pills. have to be. Accidental pregnancy is common everywhere but the way to deal with it is different.
According to 2015 data, 70 unintended pregnancies per 1000 women aged 15-49 years in India are well within the range of unintended pregnancies in other South Asian countries. “The other challenge for women in such remote parts of the city is the lack of access to birth control pills. Even finding a gynecologist in those areas is difficult, so women there adopt abortion as a method of family planning.”
How does recurrent miscarriage affect women’s health?
Dr. Devrukhkar said that sometimes abortion can have a bad effect on the health of women. Experts say that abortion weakens the cervix, which increases the risk of premature labor in the future.
An induced abortion increases the risk of premature birth during future pregnancies by 25 percent to 27 percent, according to two recently published studies. Having two or more miscarriages increases a woman’s risk of giving birth prematurely from 51 percent to 62 percent.
Adding to the loss of blood in the mother due to repeated pregnancies, he said, “The unborn child is also at risk of many health-related complications. If the mother has had multiple abortions, a baby’s bones and even her brain can be at risk.”
will this increase the death rate
Could these abortions be the main reason for the increase in infant mortality rate in India? Experts say that this reason cannot be ignored. Recently, the Chief Minister of Karnataka said that the government will focus on bringing down the infant mortality rate in the state from 2 per cent (about 20 per 1000 live births) at present to a single digit. Dr. Devrukhkar says that there is no data to link abortion with increased mortality in infants, but repeated abortions can increase the risk of death of the baby during future pregnancies and many other problems.
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