Why women may have an increased risk of UTI infection during periods

Nihar Ranjan Raptan, director of the NGO Goranbos Village Development Center (GGBK), said that among the women of the Sundarbans irregular menstruation cycles, vaginal infections, frequent urinary tract infection Abortion and miscarriage are common. The ASHA worker said that due to frequent storms in the last few years, the salinity of water in most of the rivers and ponds in almost all the areas of Sunderbans has increased. Mandal told PTI, “I go to about 25 houses every day and most of these houses have women who have some or the other problem related to menstruation.”

Dr Vinita Diwakar, Consultant, Obstetrics and Gynecology at Manipal Hospital, Ghaziabad, said that recurring UTIs can have both direct and indirect effects on menstruation.

Diwakar told PTI, “Urine infection contaminates the vaginal flora leading to vaginal infection which affects the health of the ovaries.” He said that having frequent UTIs can lead to miscarriage or even premature labor.

This is what causes UTI

UTI usually occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and spread to the bladder. The urinary system is designed to keep bacteria out. But sometimes this doesn’t happen. When this happens the bacteria can cause an infection in the urinary tract (urinary tract).

Dr Shobha Gupta, Gynecologist and Infertility Specialist at Mother’s Lap IVF Center told TV9 that UTI is directly related to hygiene and lifestyle. “UTIs disturb the entire system of the body. It is not entirely correct to say that infection directly affects the menstrual cycle but it has some indirect effects.”

UTIs indirectly affect menstruation

Apart from pain, UTIs cause irritation and tension. They can also make you feel sick and anxious. If a UTI seems to be delaying your menstrual cycle then it could be stress rather than infection. According to a 2006 research review and a 2015 study, excessive stress affects your menstrual cycle.

It could be that your period is affecting the timing of your UTI and not vice versa. The reason for this is the low level of estrogen.

Estrogen has anti-inflammatory properties. When estrogen levels are high you may be less susceptible to developing UTIs. Estrogen also helps keep the good bacteria Lactobacillus in your vagina healthy and active. Lactobacillus helps regulate the pH of the vagina while keeping the levels of bad bacteria down.

More skin bacteria in urinary microbiome during menstruation

Another biological change during menstruation has recently been identified: the urinary microbiome. The urinary microbiome is a complex ecosystem of microbes living in the urinary tract. While it has been established that changes in the vaginal microbiome occur during the menstrual cycle, there is also a change in the urinary microbiome, which probably plays an important role in the risk of UTIs.

In March 2020, researchers from Loyola University Chicago, UC San Diego and UCLA demonstrated the variability of the urinary microbiome after both menstruation and vaginal intercourse. The researchers used RNA sequencing and enhanced quantitative urine culture (EQUC) to identify organisms and their relative abundance in the urinary tract. While measurable changes in the urinary microbiome were found in all subjects, the changes were different and unique to each individual.

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