Every year on 4th August by the Indian Orthopedic Association bone and joint day is celebrated. While heavy physical exercise can cause bone and joint pain, viral infection Can make movement of the joint painful. Dengue cases have increased in many parts of India. DengueThe cases of vector borne diseases like malaria and chikungunya usually increase with the onset of monsoon.
About 170 cases of dengue have been reported in Delhi so far in 2022 as compared to 52 cases last year. The cases of Mumbai have registered an increase of about 20 percent as compared to last year.
How does a viral infection affect the bones and joints?
Dr Atul Mishra, director and head of orthopedics at Fortis Hospital, Noida, explained that when viral infections like dengue and chikungunya enter the body, they affect the fluids that reduce friction in the joints and bones.
Synovial fluid is a viscous fluid found in the cavities of synovial joints. The main function of synovial fluid is to reduce friction and lubricate the articular cartilage of synovial joints during movement.”
He said, “When there is a viral fever, this fluid does not work properly due to which there is pain in the joints during movement.”
He also said that this bone and joint pain can last for two days and even for 2 years.
Can this pain be lifelong?
Usually bone and joint pain caused by viral infection goes away with proper treatment. Viral arthritis usually lasts less than a week. But in some patients, reaching the chronic stage, joint pain (swelling/irritation) or joint pain can last for weeks, months or sometimes even years. This can make it difficult for a person to do everyday tasks.
Dr Mishra said, “It is not lifelong. But I have seen that if it is not treated properly through medicines and physiotherapy then it can become serious. It can permanently damage the joints but it takes about eight to 10 years for this to happen.”
The exact reason why only some people develop long-term viral arthritis is not yet known. But there is information that women and smokers are at the highest risk of developing long-term arthritis after a viral infection.
“However, a patient has a lot of time to treat this type of bone and joint pain.”
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