How to avoid problems like heat stroke and hyperthermia in summer, know the opinion of experts

Temperatures over most parts of northern India (Temperature) is growing rapidly. In some parts of Rajasthan, the temperature has reached 40 degree Celsius. this is awesome (Heat wave) One of the main reasons for. According to reports, hot winds are blowing in Rajasthan because an anticyclone has formed in the western parts of the state. Hot and dry west and west northwest winds are blowing over parts of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and North India. The effect of these dry and hot winds is being felt in entire Vidarbha (Maharashtra), Gujarat, Konkan and Telangana. On March 20, the maximum temperature in Ahmedabad was 38 degree Celsius while it was 35 degree Celsius in Hyderabad. Heat stroke can also occur due to heat.

Human health is affected in many ways due to heat waves. According to the Center for Disease and Control Prevention (CDC), people are more prone to heat-related illness when there is an additional burden on the body’s temperature control system. The body normally cools itself by sweating. But in some circumstances, sweating alone is not enough. In such a situation, the body temperature of the person increases rapidly. Very high body temperature can damage the brain or other vital organs.

Dr Khushrav Bajan, Consultant Physician and Intensive Physician, Department of Medicine and Critical Care at PD Hinduja Hospital and MRC told TV 9, “Heat wave can affect a person’s health at different stages. In the initial stage, only heat exhaustion, followed by cramps, then heat stroke (Heat stroke) And finally death. These changes can be based on the duration of exposure and the temperature outside. Heat stroke and death can also result when the body temperature rapidly reaches 106 degrees over a period of 10 to 15 minutes.

The body cannot be kept cool by sweating.

Sweating is a natural cooling system of the human body. In extreme hot weather, there are many reasons due to which the body’s ability to cool itself is affected. when the humidity (Humidity) aIf it is excessive, sweat does not turn into vapor quickly, due to which the body is not able to release heat quickly. Apart from this, there are also some such physical conditions in which the body’s own ability to regulate temperature is reduced, such as old age, infancy (age 0-4), obesity, fever, dehydration, heart disease, mental illness, poor Circulation, sunburn, drug abuse and alcohol use. In such a situation, you can become very tired and sometimes become seriously ill.

According to the CDC, “The people most likely to get heat-related illness include infants and children up to four years of age, people 65 years of age and older, people who are overweight, and those who are sick or take certain medications. “

heat diseases

Dr Ekta Patil, Head, Department of Microbiology, SRL Diagnostics, said, “The rapid rise in heat causes the body to not regulate the temperature leading to cramps, exhaustion, heat stroke and hyperthermia. (hyperthermia) It is possible.”

Generally, body cramps and related diseases are seen in mild heat. Heat cramps are more common in people who sweat a lot during exercise. According to the CDC, excessive sweating uses up all of the body’s salt and moisture, causing pain or cramps, usually in the muscles of the abdomen, arms or legs.

According to the CDC, excessive sweating in hot and humid weather can also cause skin irritations that are common in young children. It is usually a red cluster of pimples or blisters that appears around the crease of the neck, upper chest or elbows.

When your body’s ability to cool itself decreases, you start feeling exhausted due to heat. The body will try to sweat a lot to deal with the extra heat. In this process you will experience dizziness, nausea, headache, pale skin and high pulse rate. This will be the last attempt to cool down the body, after which it will reach the point of “no return”.

Heat stroke can cause death

Heatstroke is considered to be the most serious of the heat-related diseases. If it is not treated in time, it can cause death. The body temperature goes from 104 to 105 degrees or even above and then from here the systems of the body will start failing. Warning signs include extremely high body temperature, red and dry skin, rapid pulse rate, headache, dizziness, nausea or feeling faint, according to the CDC.

Dr Patil said, “Chronic diseases such as heart disease, shortness of breath and brain diseases can worsen due to heat waves.”

Studies have shown that in the warmer months Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) is more. And women in particular are 8 times more likely to develop UTIs than men, which can lead to recurrent infections and other serious health problems. Experts say, “Dehydration increases the chances of UTI as there is less urinary excretion and bacteria from inside the body are not able to get out.”

keep yourself hydrated

Dr Bajan observes that, “There is a definite link between heat and dehydration and UTI during summer and high temperature, especially in women. So when there is heat or extreme heat and the person does not hydrate himself well, the bacteria due to dryness and dehydration are not cleared, as urine is produced very little. As a result, it stagnates in the body along with bacteria and the chances of UTI are high. So my advice to all would be to definitely hydrate yourself well in the scorching heat and stay in the open or cold area whichever is available. And don’t do strenuous exercise in any area that is prone to heatstroke.”

What steps should be taken to keep the body cool during a heat wave?

Drink cold and non-alcoholic beverages: In summer you should drink more fluids no matter what level of work you are doing. Do not wait for it to drink water only when thirst increases. During heavy exercise in a hot environment, drinking enough non-alcoholic cold fluids every hour to maintain the normal color and volume of urine.

Wear light clothes: Use light-colored loose-fitting clothes. In the hot sun, the big cap will not only give shade, but it will also keep the head cool. If you must go out, apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going out and reapply according to package directions. Sunburn affects your body’s ability to cool itself and also wastes body fluids. It also causes pain and also damages the skin.

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