Every year on 28 July hepatitis disease World Hepatitis Day is celebrated to raise awareness about. This disease affects people all over the world. After being hit by it, the patient’s liver becomes inflamed, which becomes the cause of other serious diseases. The theme of this year’s World Hepatitis Day is: ‘I can’t wait’ – ‘I can’t wait’. According to Dr Chetan R Kalal, Chief Hepatologist and Liver Transplant Physician at Masina Hospital, Mumbai, there are five main hepatitis viruses known as A, B, C, D and E types.
Dr Kalal said, ‘These five types of viruses are the biggest cause of disease and death due to them. It is a matter of concern that the chances of getting caught and spreading like an epidemic are highest. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are the major causes of patient death. Due to this, 13 lakh people die every year.
Hepatitis A and E are mainly caused by eating contaminated food and drinking water. Hepatitis B, C and D are usually caused by exposure to infected blood and excretory fluids.
What is Hepatitis?
Swelling in the liver of the patient is a symptom of this disease. In some cases, hepatitis may develop into liver cancer after causing severe liver damage. Although alcohol consumption, use of certain drugs and autoimmune diseases can cause hepatitis, the most common cause is viral infection. Viral hepatitis is one of the most common causes of illness and mortality worldwide.
symptoms to watch out for
Many patients infected with hepatitis do not experience its symptoms. Symptoms of acute hepatitis include:
1. Abdominal pain
2. Loss of appetite after weight loss
4. Nausea and vomiting, yellowing of the skin and eyes
6. Joint pain; swelling in the ankles and feet
7. Bleeding from a minor injury
take care of children
Since hepatitis can lead to serious liver diseases, it is important to protect newborns from infection. Dr Kalal said, ‘At birth, all newborns should be given hepatitis B vaccine, followed by at least two additional doses. It is also necessary to prevent the spread of disease from mother to child. All pregnant women should be regularly screened for hepatitis B, HIV and syphilis and treated if necessary.
Is there any cure?
Its treatment depends on the type of hepatitis. Dr Kalal said, ‘Generally doctors recommend taking enough rest, eating light food, taking nutritious diet, avoiding oily food, alcohol and unnecessary drugs, taking enough fluids and taking care of cleanliness.’
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